Frequently Asked Questions

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An IP (Internet Protocol) is a numerical address consisting of four separate figures between 0 and 255 separated by dots. For example: The IP address is used to locate a computer on a network such as the Internet, a corporate LAN or even a home network.
The administrative contact is the person that is responsible of authorizing any relative changes to a domain name.
The billing contact is the person responsible for the payment of the registration, renewal or transfer of a domain name.
The technical contact is the person designated as responsible for all technical aspects of hosting. Regarding domain names, the technical contact has no authority and needs every request to be approved by the administrative contact.
The owner contact is the person or organization that owns the rights to use a domain name.
A DNS is a domain name server used to point a domain name to an IP address. The format often resembles "" (where "ns1" is the name of the desired computer on the "" network)
Registration is the act of reserving a domain name to become the owner of that name. The registration is made through a company authorized to register domain names (see Registrar), like
An extension is the last part of a domain name. For examples: com, net, org, ca,, etc.. We distinguish geographical extensions by having two letters (.ca, .us, .es, .jp) from generic extensions having three letters minimum (.com, .net, .org, .info, .biz).
An ISP is an Internet Service Provider. It is a company providing an internet connection, allowing you to browse the web.
Web hosting is a service enabling you to publish your website on a computer (called a server) which is open at all times and is visible to the world through the internet. This service is typically used in conjunction with one or more domain names to advertise and facilitate access.
HTTP is the abbreviation for "HyperText Transfer Protocol" which turns out to be a method to download text and other media informations from a web server to a computer, allowing you to view the content of websites on the internet.
ICANN stands for "Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers". It’s a California based non-profit corporation, founded in November 1998 and recognized by the United States and other countries. It is, among others things, responsible for technical management and coordination of the domain name system, domain name servers, IP address assignment and management of various Internet protocol parameters.
A search engine can retrieve information via queries or keyword searches. These informations comes from research done by robots who review a large number of websites (hundreds of millions for larger engines).
A web browser is a software that helps to move from web page to web page or from site to site on the internet. Some examples of web browser are: Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Netscape Navigator, Opera, Safari (Mac), etc.
A domain name is an Internet alphabetical address referring to the numeric IP address to facilitate the memorization of a website address (example: is simpler to remember than
A registration period is the number of years, the domain name registration will last. This period ranges from 1 to 10 years. There is also a renewal period ranging from 1 to 9 years (9 years because there is usually already one active year at renewal).
A registrar is a company authorized by a registry to sell domain names directly to consumers and process these registrations like
The registry is also the term which indicates the database where all the domain names are centralized and classified by extensions.
A server is a computer on which are stored files or applications. In the case of a web server, it contains websites.
A domain name transfer is the act of transferring a domain name from a registrar to another. This procedure must be initiated by the winning (future) registrar and not by the losing (current) registrar.
A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the address of a resource (e.g.: file) on the Internet. Its format is a universal standard which has the following structure:
- "http://": The name of the protocol used to transport information on the network.
- "www": The name of the computer or server in the domain network "".
- "": The domain name.
- "research": Name of the directory (folder) where the information can be found on the server.
- "index.html": The name of the file you want to download or view.
This term simply means "who is" and is used when looking for domain name existence and/or information. A WHOIS request on means: Who Is The search result will give the availability of the domain name sought and/or information on the domain name, like the name and address of the owner, administrative, technical and billing contact if they are not private (WHOIS Privacy).

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